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The most advanced of the livestock sector, the poultry industry is the most commercialized and integrated in its production system. The industry has been in a continuous transformation mode towards adopting the most modern production technology and feeding regimes available. There are increasing use of environmentally controlled closed housing and automation of feeding and egg collection systems. The majority of chicken and eggs are now produced by the larger farms and in the case of broilers via the contract farming arrangements.

The industry relies almost entirely on imported genetic resources and the major commercial breeds are reared at the grand parent and parent stock levels. 

The industry is well supported by commercial feed mills supplying compound feeds based on imported corn and soyabean meal and are increasingly handled in bulk form.