The main potential for growth in cattle production is in the adoption of cattle grazing as a more environment friendly means of herbage control in palm oil plantations. Its success depends highly on the ability of the plantation managers to slot the cattle grazing rotation with the other aspects of management such as harvesting, weeding and fertilizer application. Another important aspect is the need to balance the cattle population with the forage resources available at different times of the year.
Feedlot farming of cattle can be a profitable undertaking by enterprising producers who have access to feed such as edible food industry waste at reasonable cost. The conversion of the dung into organic fertilizer has a good economic potential and is exploited by a few farmers. Here again the modification of the farming environment may give a more significant gross margins for the whole operation.
Large numbers of slaughter cattle are imported from Thailand and Myanmar through the northern border largely to fulfill the sacrificial requirements of the Haj season.